Confucius, 551-479 BC
Halkidiki geographically belongs to Macedonia, issuing into the Aegean Sea. The sea enters Halkidiki and forms its three legs: The peninsula of Athos, The Sithonia peninsula, The Kassandra peninsula
The interest of the area remains undiminished from antiquity until today. According to mythology, in Kassandra is buried the giant Egelados (earthquake), the son of Poseidon Sithonas, the current name of Sithonia is due to him. Additionally, as the legend says, the giant Athos threw a rock against the Olympian Gods and the peninsula, which is hosting the Mount Athos, was created.
Of particular importance is the cave of Petralona. Beyond of the magic which offers to the visitor, also confirms the existence of human life about 700.000 years ago. In addition, a skull found at the site is said to be about 200.000 years oldο Pelasgians were the first who lived in the area, while in the 8th century BC, Greeks from Eretria and Chalkida moved there, of whom the area was named as "Halkidiki". Some of the most important ancient cities are:· Olynthos (capital of ancient Halkidiki)· The ancient Stageira (birthplace of the great Greek philosopher Aristotle)· Mendi· Toroni· Afitos· Skioni